On episode #150 Jessica tells us her amazing …
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ACT Instructor Terri shows you how to use commas correctly with the introductory clause and phrase.
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By Meagan Phelan, Writing Tutoring Instructor, Prepped & Polished, LLC
I took four years of Latin in high school. I thought a good grasp of the language Julius Caesar spoke would help me decipher the meaning of words I’d never heard. (This proved true, particularly during the SATs). I also studied Latin because it is valuable for students considering careers in science, which I was. (Many terms for human anatomy, for example, can be traced to Latin roots.)
By my senior year of high school though, I was a bit envious of my classmates who’d studied French, German or Spanish. They could speak the languages they’d learned—both at school, and in our community. Meanwhile, older friends of mine were returning from college semesters abroad.
“Going abroad will change your life!” they’d say.
When I talked with those of them who’d traveled to non-English speaking countries, one element of their experience stood out: how much they enjoyed speaking that region’s language. Knowing it had opened doors to them…whomever they wanted to get to know—the local clockmaker, the elderly businessman, etc.—they could.
I began to wonder what it would be like to get off a plane in another country—so different than my own— and move easily through the crowd, safe in knowing I could speak the country’s language as I navigated new streets and towns. It was thrilling.
My senior year of high school then, I started Spanish, a language I’d always been interested to know. Having been exposed to the basics of modern Romance languages in Latin, Spanish was a pretty quick study. When I got to college, I continued with Spanish classes, even making Spanish my minor. I learned I could travel not only to Spain through available study abroad programs for Spanish speakers, but also to South America and Mexico. (I went to Spain and learned to flamenco. I ran Seville’s streets. I did not run with the bulls.)
Traveling abroad, while academic in nature, is a very personal experience. Whether you choose to go often comes down to how well you believe you can do away from home and in a place in which many aspects of daily life are completely different. Indeed, some cultural differences are even more striking than others. (My own experience living in Seville, Spain, required less adjusting than one of my French-speaking friend’s experiences in Morocco).
If you are thinking study abroad will be right for you, you may want to start thinking about where you’d like to go.
If you are studying a language now, where it is spoken? (Did you know French is spoken in Africa? And German in Austria?) Go online (most college websites have a dedicated study abroad section) and see if the locations you’ve identified are available to you as a study abroad student, through pre-established programs.
Would you want to travel to these locations?
If you have a strong urge to travel to non-English speaking locations other than these, is that reason to consider studying a different language?
Bear in mind that most colleges require a certain level of language proficiency for students considering study abroad. What’s more, they often suggest that students travel in their junior year; beginning language study in high school makes it more likely you’ll acquire the requisite language proficiency by the time you’re a college junior.
Meanwhile, if you choose to study abroad in college, know that your experience may be different than your fellow students’ depending on your major. For some college students, incorporating study abroad time is a bit more straightforward. If you are a French literature major, for example, spending a semester in France likely already has a pre-approved stamp of approval from the college’s French Department.
If you are majoring in physics, however, spending a semester away from any lab courses and the long list of prerequisites you must complete can make your four years challenging to schedule. Never fear, though, I was a biology major, and I did it. Ways to work around academic difficulties exist (consider summer study abroad programs if you can’t study abroad during the academic year, or programs in countries like England and Australia, where you could take science classes in English, all the while having an awesome study abroad experience in a totally new culture).
If you’d like to know more about study abroad, and where the language you are studying as a high school student could take you, contact a campus study abroad office at a local college. Don’t forget, too, that just as you can create your own major at some colleges, you could even work with a different college—one other than that which you will attend—to shape your own study abroad program.
Meagan Phelan holds an M.A. in Science Writing from The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, MD and a B.A. in Biology from Gettysburg College in Gettysburg, Pa. She has freelanced as a science writer and is a Fulbright Scholar. She currently works as a Senior Writer and Editor at AIR Worldwide, a catastrophe risk modeling firm based in Boston.
Are you considering studying abroad? If so, where? Please share your experiences.
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By Anna Katten, Language Tutoring Instructor, Prepped & Polished, LLC
China is a rapidly developing nation, whose growing economy has placed it among the world’s leading superpowers. But it is also a nation with a rich, vibrant history, and a fascinating language. As Chinese is being offered in more and more high schools across the United States, it’s clear that American students can greatly benefit from learning the language that has the most speakers on the planet. Here are some tips to make mastering that process a little easier.
1. Don’t be intimidated.
For many students, learning Chinese seems like a daunting task because of its dissimilarity with English. Those of you thinking about taking Chinese should not be deterred by the fact that is it a non-Romanized language. Spanish and French may seem easier, and therefore might be more appealing at first, but Chinese is actually not that difficult to learn once you can make it over the mental barrier of abandoning the alphabet.
2.Remember your tones.
Chinese is tonal language, which can be a strange concept for English speakers to grasp. There are four tones, and a single word, such as ‘ma’ will have completely different meanings depending on the tone used. For example, ‘ma’ in first tone means mother, but ‘ma’ in third tone means horse. Obviously, mastery of tones is critical to speaking good Chinese and not insulting your mother.
When you’re in class, participate! Part of learning a language is engaging with it, so don’t be afraid to speak up. The best help you can give yourself is to try out new grammar or vocabulary in class where your teacher can help you along and correct you. Also, the more you use your Chinese, the better your pronunciation will be, which is crucial when you’re starting to learn a language with pronunciations read as zhong or qiu.
4.Practice your characters.
One of the most intimidating things about learning Chinese is figuring out the writing system. Characters are a beautiful representation of Chinese culture. There are characters inscribed inside bronze vessels dating back to the Shang Dynasty, which ruled China from 1600BC-1050BC. Many of these characters are so similar to modern characters that they can be easily read, making Chinese the language with the oldest continually used writing system.
There is a formula for writing characters, but it’s quite different from writing using an alphabet. Sounding out how to write a character is very tricky, so instead, new students of Chinese truly need to dedicate themselves to memorizing characters at first in order to form a good basis of understanding for the written language.
5.Go to China.
As with all foreign languages, the best way to cement your language skills is to go to the source. Find out about high school exchange programs in cities like Beijing, Shanghai or Taipei. Your high school doesn’t offer these programs? Don’t sweat it. You will most likely have the opportunity to study abroad during college, and even if your college doesn’t have an affiliation with a program in China, you can apply to independent study abroad programs.
With these tips in mind, stride bravely forward into learning Chinese. It’s a skill whose value extends outside the classroom, never becomes obsolete and has the ability to enrich your life in ways you have yet to imagine.
Anna Katten holds a BA in East Asian Studies, concentrating in Chinese language and literature, from Wesleyan University. She is currently working on translating her second Chinese novel into English and is also a Chinese and ESL tutor.
Did you find these Chinese Language tips helpful? Have you considered learning to speak Chinese?